CANADA: 29th OUT OF 41 COUNTRIES
« ENABLE EVERYONE TO BE HEALTHY AND PROMOTE WELL-BEING »
Eliminate avoidable deaths of newborns and children under five.
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
IN QUEBEC IN 2009-2013, THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE (BABIES UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE) WAS 4.8 FOR EVERY 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS.
- Montréal and Laval had higher rates, at 5.1 deaths out of every 1,000 live births, equivalent to the rate for all of Canada, which ranks 22nd out of the 30 countries studied.
- Montérégie had a lower rate, with 3.6 deaths out of every 1,000 live births.
- Three of the world’s wealthiest developed countries occupy the lower third of the infant mortality ranking: Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Promote mental health and well-being.
YOUNG PEOPLE AGED 12-19 HAVE MORE DIFFICULTY ACCESSING A DOCTOR
- In 2013–2014, 65% of young people aged 12–19 in the Montréal CMA said they had a family doctor or a “regular doctor”.
This percentage is markedly lower than for all of Canada (85.6%), Toronto (94.4%) and Vancouver (87.9%).
In all the Quebec regions, including Montréal, Laval and Montérégie, the percentage of children registered with a family doctor has been on the rise since 2013.
- According to the 2012 immunization schedule, 82% of two-year-olds in Montréal received the recommended vaccinations for their age, which is below the 95% target.
In one out of every four cases, difficulty obtaining an appointment was given as the main reason for the delay in the child’s first vaccination visit. Only 1 parent out of 10 said they voluntarily delayed immunization.
MORTALITY RATE FROM SUICIDE IN YOUNG PEOPLE AGED 12–17
- In Quebec in 2010-2012 the mortality rate from suicide in young people aged 12-17 was 4 for every 100,000.
The estimated rate in the three regions making up Greater Montréal is slightly less than 3.5 deaths out of every 100,000 young people of that age.
- In Canada in 2012, the suicide rate among 15-to 19-year-olds was 10.2 deaths out of every 100,000 and was 1.8 deaths out of 100,000 among 10-to 14-year-olds.
Proportion of young people who said they had access to or had consulted a healthcare professional and the proportion who received a flu vaccine, for certain census metropolitan areas, for all of Quebec and the rest of Canada, adolescents aged 12-19 only, 2013–2014
SOURCE: Statistics Canada, Survey of Community Health, CANSIM 105-0592 Table - Health indicator profiles.
INCREASE IN MENTAL
- In Quebec, the prevalence of mental disorders in children doubled between 2001 and 2015, from 5% in 2001–2002 to 10% in 2014–2015. This is mainly attributed to the fact that more children are being diagnosed with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorders (ADD ADHD).
In Montréal, the rate jumped from 5% in 2001–2002 to 7% in 2014–2015.
Although the overall rate was 7% for all ages together in 2014–2015, it was 9% for 15 to 19-year-olds and 6% for 1 to 4-year-olds.
In Montréal, in 2013–2014, 77% of 12 to 19-year-olds rated their mental health as “very good” or “excellent”.
This percentage was higher than in Toronto (72%) and Vancouver (69%).
A higher proportion of boys than girls (82% contre 72%) said their mental healthwas “very good” or “excellent”.
- In Montréal, in 2010–2011, 9% of high school students were diagnosed with ADHD by a medical professional.
This proportion was lower than the 13% reported for all of Quebec.
More boys were diagnosed with ADHD than girls: 12% vs. 7%.
25% OF GIRLS EXPERIENCE INTENSE STRESS
- In Montréal in 2013–2014, 19% of 15 to 19-year-olds said they experienced a high level of stress on a daily basis.
This proportion is similar to all of Quebec (18%). More girls reported experiencing “intense” stress daily than boys: 25% contre 14%.
Strengthen the prevention and treatment of psychoactive substance abuse, including harmful use of alcohol.
- In Montréal, in 2010–2011, 8.1% of high school students said they smoked on a regular basis. This was the case for 16.9% of high school students elsewhere in Quebec.
- In Montréal, in 2010–2011, an estimated 8% of high school students had problematic use of alcohol and drugs, as compare to 11% elsewhere in Quebec.
- In Montréal, in 2013, 32.6% of Secondary 5 students said they had gambled in the 12 months prior to the survey.
This proportion was lower than for all of Quebec.
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services.
- In Montréal, between 1998 and 2012, the average annual number of teenage pregnancies fell by nearly half, from 960 in 1998–2000 to 477 in 2010–2012.
This may be attributed to better access to frontline services adapted to this specific clientele.